शनिवार, 11 सितंबर 2010

यौनशोषक माओवादियों के प्रतिवाद में

              अंजनी बाबू का गुस्सा और विरोध नाजायज है,वे माओवाद के समर्थक हैं यह तो तय है। हम मान भी लें कि माओवादियों पर शीलहरण का आरोप पुलिसिया बयान है और कई पत्रकार पुलिस के हवाले से ऐसा लिख रहे हैं। समस्या बलात्कार है तो इसका फैसला कौन करेगा ? जब तक बलात्कार की शिकार महिला कह रही है हमें उसकी बात को ही मानना होगा। इसके लिए अन्य कोई व्यक्ति प्रामाणिक नहीं हो सकता। यदि पुलिस झूठी कहानी गढ़ रही है तो संबंधित महिला आने वाले समय में अपना बयान बदल सकती है। वह जब तक बयान नहीं बदलती तब तक उस महिला का बयान ही प्रमाण है।
    आश्चर्य की बात है एक माओवादी महिला ने अपने साथियों पर यौन शोषण का गंभीर आरोप लगाया है। आज जब वह महिला आरोप लगा रही है तो उसकी आस्थाओं पर ही सवाल उठाए जा रहे हैं और वकील की भाषा में तर्कशास्त्र गढ़ा जा रहा है और माओवादियों के समर्थक महिला संगठनों के नाम से बयान पर बयान दिए जा रहे हैं। यह मूलतःस्त्रीविरोधी मानसिकता है। स्त्री के साथ जंगल में माओवादी क्या करते थे इसके बारे में एकमात्र प्रमाण वह महिला है जिसने यौनशोषण के गंभीर आरोप लगाए हैं। कायदे से उसके आरोपों पर माओवादियों की जन अदालत से लेकर बुर्जुआ अदालतों तक मुकदमा चलना चाहिए। माओवादी यौनशोषकों को दण्डित किया जाना चाहिए।
     दूसरी बात यह कि जिस औरत के साथ बलात्कार हुआ है उसे बताने का भी अधिकार अब माओवादी देना नहीं चाहते और उसने जब से बताया है तब से उस महिला का वे चरित्र हनन कर रहे हैं। क्या पीडित महिला के प्रति यही क्रांतिकारी नजरिया है या माफिया नजरिया है ?
    अंजनीकुमार के लेख में मृणाल वल्लरी के जनसत्ता में प्रकाशित लेख पर जो गुस्सा निकाला गया है उसे किसी भी सभ्य विमर्श का हिस्सा नहीं बनाया जाना चाहिए। अंजनीकुमार के लेख में यौनशोषण की शिकार स्त्री के प्रति सहानुभूति का एक शब्द तक नहीं है वे उन्हें संदेह का लाभ भी नहीं देना चाहते। अपनी माओवादी बेव की बंदूकों से बलात्कारी माओवादियों को पुण्यात्मा बना देना चाहते हैं।
    अंजनीकुमार नहीं जानते कि उनके या किसी और के कहने से सत्य को अभी बदल नहीं सकते। यह सत्य क्या है इसे बताकर पीड़िता ने अपना दायित्व निभाया है अब नागरिक समाज और मानवाधिकार संगठनों की जिम्मेदारी है कि वे इसके बारे में तय करें कि वे किसके साथ हैं यौनशोषण की शिकार महिला के या माओवादी यौनशोषकों के। हम सिर्फ इतना कहना चाहते हैं कि पीड़िता की मंशा के सवाल उठाकर माओवादी संगठनों के हिंसाचार और उत्पीड़न पर वेबवर्षा करके सत्य नहीं बदल सकते। माओवादी यौनशोषण की शिकार औरत के पास कम्प्यूटर नहीं है,इंटरनेट नहीं है। वह अभी अपनी बात कह नहीं सकती कम से कम उसने अभी तक जो बताया है उसे सुनो,मानो या न मानो,लेकिन उस पर कीचड़ तो मत उछालो। यहां हम उस खबर को ‘टाइम्स ऑफ इण्डिया’ से साभार दे रहे हैं जिसमें माओवादियों पर उनकी ही एक साथी महिला ने यौनशोषण के गंभीर आरोप लगाए हैं। पूरी खबर देखें और माओवाद बेववीरों को लानत भेजें-


Raped repeatedly, Naxal leader quits Red ranks
Rakhi Chakrabarty, TNN, Aug 24, 2010, 01.02am IST


There's a wide gulf between what Naxals practise and preach, says Uma. (TOI Photo)

Somewhere On The Bengal-Jharkhand Border: The eerie calm in the dense sal forest is deafening. Walking along a snaking dirt track, a clear patch appears. Sitting on a rock, hidden by thick, emerald green foliage, is the diminutive figure of a woman, a gamchha (thin towel) covering her head. Her blue salwar-kameez meld with the surroundings. Her eyes dart around at the slightest hint of sound. Shobha Mandi, alias Uma, alias Shikha, gives a searching look and then smiles. The 23-year-old CPI-Maoist Jhargram area commander says she was expecting us.

From commanding 25-30 armed Maoist squad members, Uma turned a fugitive four months ago. She fled her command post on the plea of seeing a doctor. She hid with her aunt for a short while; and now she says she wants the world to know her story. She wants to surrender and is likely to give up Naxalism on August 26.

Why did she decide to shed her battle fatigues seven years after she joined the Naxals? "They committed injustices against which they claimed they were fighting," said Uma. "As a recruit, I protested against the habits of some leaders in the presence of Kishanji. Nobody liked it. The leaders instructed the squad members not to speak to me. I was isolated and warned of dire consequences if I protested," she said.

What didn't she like about the leaders? "They rape," she shot back, eyes flashing with rage. "After about a year of joining Naxals, I was put on night-long sentry duty at a forest camp in Jharkhand. Suddenly, out of the dark, Bikash (now, head of the state military commission) came up and asked me for water. As I turned to fetch it, he grabbed me and tried to do 'kharap kaaj' (indecent acts)." When she objected, Bikash threatened to strangle her. After forcing her into submission, Bikash raped her, she said. She was 17 then.

"He warned me against telling anyone about this. But, I told Akash (Kishanji's confidant and a state committee member). He said he would look into it but did nothing. In fact, Akash's wife, Anu, lives with Kishanji," Uma said.

Most women recruits are exploited by senior Maoists. Senior women leaders, too, have multiple sexual partners, Uma said. "If a member gets pregnant, she has no choice but to abort: A child is seen as a burden that hampers the agility of guerrillas."

Uma has heard tales of brutalization of other women Naxals, too. "Seema (then a recruit) told me that Akash raped her as well. Rahul (alias Ranjit Pal) raped Belpahari squad commander Madan Mahato's wife, Jaba. In this case, the party punished Rahul, who is a key weapons trainer at Maoist camps. He was removed from the regional committee for three months," said Uma.

State committee secretary Sudip Chongdar, alias Goutam, was also punished for similar acts, she said, and transferred to Jharkhand's West Singbhum district. Maoists divide time between forest camps and hideouts in villages. Villagers can't refuse shelter to gun-toting Maoists. Also, they must keep all night vigil to alert them against police raids. "When Sudip took shelter in villages, he raped women in their homes. They were too scared to protest," said Uma.

Many of her senior leaders exploited her sexually. One day, says Uma, Kamal Maity, who is a Bengal-Jharkhand-Orissa regional committee member, came to her rescue. At a meeting attended by Kishanji and other top Maoists, Kamal proposed a relationship with Uma. The leaders agreed. "After Jaba's incident, I learnt that a woman cadre is protected against sexual exploitation only if she is with a senior leader," she said. That was a turning point and she rose steadily in Naxal ranks.

Uma is on the police's most wanted list. She is suspected to have planned and executed a series of attacks, including the massacre of 24 EFR jawans in Silda (February 2010); a raid on Sankrail police station in which two policemen were killed and an officer abducted (October 2009). She is also one of the suspects in Jharkhand MP Sunil Mahato's murder in 2007.

She mentored PCPA members, including Bapi Mahato who is in jail for the Jnaneswari train sabotage. Last year, when the joint central and state forces advanced into Lalgarh to break an eight-month siege, she along with other Maoists fired at the police. In Jhargram, she is known as didi. According to a source, Uma single-handedly built up the PCPA at Jhargram.

Uma joined the rebels in 2003. CPI-Maoist hadn't been formed then. "I joined the People's War ( PW) which later merged with MCC in 2004 to form CPI-Maoist," she said. She was given a new name, Uma. "I was plump. Anu (Akash's wife; Kishanji's companion) said I looked like Uma Bharti. So, she named me Uma."

Maoist leaders spotted her organizational skills. She was asked to mobilize tribals women at Jamboni and Dahijuri in West Midnapore. She also underwent three-month arms training at Jharkhand's Gorabandha forest. "First, we are taught with dummy weapons using tree branches. All recruits have to fire three bullets in their first session. Those who hit the target are picked for armed squads," she said.

In spite of guns and guerrilla warfare, the woman in her sometimes longs for simple pleasures like painting her nails or wearing earrings. But, she says, "We were not permitted to use even fragrant soaps, lest we get detected. Only Lifebuoy is used by cadres."

Did she join the rebels of her own free will? Circumstances, she said. Uma is second of four siblings. Along with their parents, they worked as wage earners on farms or collected sal leaves, mahua and red ants (kurkut) to sell. "I was good in studies but weak in math. I worked all day and studied at night," the girl from Khayerpahari village in West Bengal's Bankura district recounted. "I couldn't pass the Class X board."

This was in 2002. Younger brother Sanjay, who was in Class VIII, was already taken away by the extremists. He became a Lalgarh squad member and is in jail now. "My father, Jamadar Mandi, was an alcoholic suffering from tuberculosis. There was no money to buy him medicines. We sold our land and also borrowed money," Uma said.

While the family struggled, some "party" members offered help. "They gave my father some money and told me to join them. They said I could leave if I didn't like working with them," said Uma. The prospect of a job spurred her.

But only after she signed up did she realize she could never go home. "Whoever comes here, never returns," a senior leader told her. She wanted freedom from poverty but found herself chained to an ideology she couldn't understand.

After seven years of witnessing bloodletting, she has no fear of death. She now hopes the state she has fought against will rehabilitate her. "There are many in the Maoist ranks who would flee given half a chance," she said.


Read more: Raped repeatedly, Naxal leader quits Red ranks - The Times of India http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Raped-repeatedly-Naxal-leader-quits-Red-ranks/articleshow/6423200.cms#ixzz0zErK1Kjf
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एक अन्य खबर भी देखें- यह भी ‘टाइम्स ऑफ इण्डिया’ से है-
KOLKATA: Maoist woman leader Shobha Mandi alias Uma, who had narrated a sordid saga of rape and sexual abuse in an exclusive interview to TOI published on August 24, surrendered to the police in West Midnapore on Friday. After four months on the run, the CPI-Maoist Jhargram area commander walked into West Midnapore SP Manoj Verma's office around 7pm. Clad in a green salwar-kameez with a cream dupatta covering her head, she handed over a bag containing Rs 55,500 and her personal belongings to the cops. She wasn't carrying any weapons.

Mandi said she belonged to People's Committee Against Police Atrocities (PCPA), the Maoist-led group responsible for the mass upsurge against police and CPM cadres in Lalgarh. She had mentored PCPA members involved in the Jnaneswari train blast that killed 148 people.

"She will be kept in a secure transit camp. Her parents have been informed. They can come and meet her. We will write to the Screening and Rehabilitation officer who will decide what benefits she will be entitled to as per the surrender policy," Verma told TOI. Uma had got in touch with the district police 7-8 days ago through her own network expressing her intention to surrender, said Verma. Wanted in five cases in Belpahari and Jhargram, she has not been arrested though.

After her case is scrutinized by the government and police, she will be entitled to a host of benefits that the government gives to encourage former Naxals to join the mainstream. These include a fixed deposit of Rs 1.5 lakh which can be withdrawn after three years subject to good behaviour; monthly stipend of Rs 2,000 for maximum 36 months and vocational training for skill development.

The 23-year-old woman who commanded 25-30 armed Maoist squad members deftly fielded questions by reporters. She said she ran away from her commanding post in April this year but denied reports that she had been in police custody all this while. She said she hadn't been home for two years and was living in hideouts in forests and other places since she deserted the red ranks. She refused to divulge the locations for fear of exposing those who shielded her from the wrath of Naxals.

Why did she surrender? "I want to lead an ordinary life, a life that all normal people life," she told reporters. Earlier, she had told TOI she had been wanting to run away from day 1. She had alleged that she had been raped by senior Maoist leaders, including key Maoist leader Bikash. When she complained, she was isolated and threatened with dire consequences if she protested again. "They commit injustices against which they claimed they are fighting," Uma had told TOI.

Her father Jamadar Mandi told TOI he was happy that his daughter was back. "We have seen her twice in the last seven years. Last time we saw her, she was in fatigues and went back the same day."

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(यह प्रतिक्रिया मैंने मोहल्ला लाइव डॉट कॉम पर आज अंजनीकुमार के लेख की प्रतिक्रिया में लिखी थी।

2 टिप्‍पणियां:

  1. इस टिप्पणी को एक ब्लॉग व्यवस्थापक द्वारा हटा दिया गया है.

    उत्तर देंहटाएं
  2. इस टिप्पणी को एक ब्लॉग व्यवस्थापक द्वारा हटा दिया गया है.

    उत्तर देंहटाएं

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